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Version Control’s Top 5 Source Code Management Tools

The use of source code management technologies, often known as version control or revision control systems, allows teams to work simultaneously on the same program while keeping track of changes to the application’s code.

The majority of version control software uses the idea of branches, which allow each developer to establish or fork a branch for the project they are working on and alter one or more files.

The difference in changes between the application’s main branch and the developers’ branches can be included in a “Pull” request, which enables other team members to examine modifications and push the code to the application’s main branch.

Here Are The 5 Source Code Management Tools

SVN

The widely used CVS program that we just covered is intended to be replaced with Apache Subversion, sometimes known as SVN.

Feature

  • Model for a client-server repository. SVK does, however, allow for distributed branches in SVN.
  • Operations like moving, deleting, copying, and renaming are also versioned.
  • Directory versions exist.
  • Allows for atomic commits.
  • Binary diff storage that uses less space.
  • Merge tracking, complete MIME support, path-based authorization, file locking, and solo server operation are further features.

When version control is centralized, the version history is kept on a single server. Developers retrieve files from that central server to their personal computers when they need to make modifications to specific files. The developer sends the updated files back to the main server after making modifications.

Git

Do you know what the term “git” means? Git is a distributed version control system that is open source, free, and designed to manage projects of all sizes fast and effectively. Git is very speedy, easy to use, and has a minimal impact on the environment. 

It outperforms SCM options like Subversion, CVS, Perforce, and ClearCase with features including reasonably priced local branching, practical staging areas, and multiple processes.

CV

A version control program called the Concurrent Versions System (CVS) is used to maintain track of any changes made to project source code files. The most popular and best-equipped free version control tool is CVS, which is used extensively in both open-source and commercial software development projects. CVS is especially well-suited to online collaborative development thanks to two unique features:

  1. When numerous developers are working on the same file at the same time, CVS handles merging all of the changes and informs the developers when there are conflicts.
  2. Repositories of source code file with remote access. Developers that are involved in the project may access and edit project files from almost anywhere.

A client-server system is CVS. Client software that runs on users’ computers and connects to the server via the Internet maintains the CVS repository on a web server. To access the CVS server for projects hosted on this site, you must have a CVS client installed on your local computer. There are clients for almost every platform, including Unix, Windows, Macintosh, and any computer that runs Java. This guide contains steps for starting WinCVS or CVS in a Unix shell.

Monotone

Monotone keeps track of changes made to files, classifies groups of changes as changesets, and keeps account of past renames. The project’s emphasis is on integrity rather than performance. [2] Because Monotone is intended for distributed operation, it heavily relies on cryptographic primitives to authenticate user activities, maintain file revisions (through the SHA-1 secure hash), and track file changes (via RSA cryptographic signatures).

On top of the Boost library, the Botan encryption package, and the SQLite database library, Monotone is implemented in modern-dialect C++. The Lua programming language’s hook capabilities allow for customization and expansion of Monotone. BuildBot automates the monotone build process and incorporates thorough regression testing.

Conclusion

The finest version control programs were covered in this article. Each tool has distinctive qualities, as we have seen. A small number of them were paid tools, whereas the majority were open source. While others are better suited to a huge businesses, some work well for small business models. As a result, you must balance the benefits and drawbacks of each instrument before selecting the one that best suits your needs. I advise you to first try out the free trial versions of any commercial tools before making a purchase.

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