The best way to characterize biometrics is as a personal identity verification system, which verifies your identity by using particular and distinctive physical traits like your fingerprints, hand geometry, speech, eyes, handwriting, or facial recognition.
People have used biometrics in their companies and operations. However, its discovery has made life easier for many of us. Since biometrics have been around for some time, this kind of system is not frequently used in most businesses.
Instead, it is more likely to be used in operations that require a higher level of security, such as research and development departments, military command centers, and locations that house top-secret operations.
Despite not being high-security operations, several firms use biometrics in their daily operations. To demand more than one method of entry into a protected location, these systems are frequently used in conjunction with other access control systems, such as an access card or personal identification number.
If your company employs biometrics, you must analyze the system’s tools, procedures, and operational efficiency as part of your evaluation.
These systems have been known to malfunction to the point that they may grant access to someone who does not have clearance or they may refuse access to someone who has the required permission levels.
Are Biometrics Subdivided Into Characteristics?
Yes, Another aspect of biometrics is that they are frequently divided into two groups:
If you have a recent smartphone, you may already be accustomed to using your finger to unlock your device, log into online banking, or even verify a mobile payment. A fingerprint is an example of physiological biometric data, which refers to information about the unique dimensions, measurements, and traits of your body.
Other Physiological Biometrics Include the Following:
- In certain cases, access control and time-and-attendance procedures at work are conducted using the precise measurements and form of your hand. They cannot, however, be used in high-security applications since they are not as distinctive as fingerprints.
- Despite being completely unique, fingerprints may be reproduced. Instead, a comparable but more sophisticated technology examines the fingerprint’s veins, which are nearly uncopyable.
- Your eye’s complex and distinctive iris or retinal features can potentially be utilized as a biometric ID. Eye biometrics are increasingly being employed in smartphones like the Samsung Galaxy S8, as well as for automated passport checks and national ID schemes.
- In addition to being employed in CCTV security systems, face shape and feature analysis may be used as a marketing and identification tool for businesses. Examples of these traits include the height of your ears and the distance between your eyes. We could see more selfies in low-security smartphone apps given the enormous and lasting popularity of selfies.
To distinguish between the online conduct of real consumers and that of cyber criminals, as well as to spot fraud and identity theft, behavioral biometrics examines a user’s digital physical and cognitive behavior.
Fraudsters use digital platforms differently than actual consumers do. Criminals are more likely to use copy/paste to complete forms than to manually input information one key at a time.
When someone interacts online, behavioral biometrics uses machine learning to evaluate patterns in human behavior to determine whether they are who they say they are and whether their actions are the result of a human or automated assault.
A major advantage of behavioral biometrics is that they passively track hundreds of characteristics during a user’s online or mobile session, such as how they hold their phone or how they scroll or switch between forms, reducing friction during the user experience.
Why is Behavioral Biometrics Necessary?
Why do we require a new method of differentiating between law-abiding users and cybercriminals? First off, it’s simply too simple for hackers to locate, steal, or buy personal information like email and physical addresses, phone numbers, birth dates, and other personally identifiable data in order to access or start a fake account.
Furthermore, hackers’ exploitation of malware, remote access tools, and other technologies has shown the limitations of passwords, device IDs, one-time passcodes, and other authentication methods used in isolation. In fact, despite existing safeguards, the fraud issue is so serious that the US president unveiled new initiatives to combat identity theft and criminal fraud in pandemic relief programs.