When making electrical wiring connections, it is important to follow a safe wiring protocol. In the event wires are loose, it could overheat which causes fire build up. On the brighter side, thanks to safe wire connectors and terminals, it’s safe to make tight wiring connections. However, it does not end up here, there are still things you need to know and consider, and that’s why we’re here to help.
This article will give you valuable information about facts you should know when it comes to wire to wire connectors of a PCB. As you read along, you will know the importance of choosing the best wire connectors, wire-stripping tool, wire management, etc. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s get it on.
Wire Ends Must be Lined up and Tightened
Why is it important to tighten the wire ends? If wire ends are not tight enough prior twisting the wire nut connector, it won’t clamp all wires properly and equally. What’s worse? One or more wires could slip out resulting in possible wire damage. Therefore, you need to strip the ends of the wires and check the connector package label for wire length exposure.
The length is often ½ to ⅝ inches. After, arrange the wires. Make sure their ends are evenly proportioned and are parallel to each other. To ensure no wires will slip out, keep your eyes to the wire ends until the connector covers them completely. Twist the connector together with the protected wires. Pull each wire so that they are all connected firmly.
Have a Wire-Stripping Tool Handy
You can do a clean wiring job if you have a handy wire-stripping tool. Standard house wiring requires 12-gauge and 14-gauge plastic-sheathed cable. It cuts the plastic-sheathed cable and individual wires.
Connector Should Fit the Wires
To join a certain or large number of wires, a wire connector is made. Larger wire gauge holds few wires. Hence, it is important to check the list of approved wire nuts packaging to ensure if the connector ideal to your wires is listed. This is also essential to prevent house fires.
Don’t rely on color-coded connectors. Check the label on the package or visit the manufacturer’s web page to know more. You may also want to keep wire nut connectors and their packaging handy to avoid making wrong size connectors.
Stranded Wire Extension is ⅛ Inches
The stranded wire will usually wrap loosely around the solid wires if you hold the ends while you screw on the wire nut connector. This often leads to a loose connection. This will also happen when you join several solid wires to a single-stranded wire. If you extend the ends of all standard wires about ⅛ inches and is beyond the solid wires, then there will be no problem. After, you can start installing the wire nut connector.
Wire Looping will Make Sturdy Screw Connection
If you noticed, outlets and switches vibrate a bit when used. For these not to work loose, it is vital that the connections are sturdy and durable. You may begin with ¾ inches length of stripped wire for screw connections just like with dupont wire connector. After you are done, you can wrap the wire clockwise so that the loop closes while the screw is being tightened. Don’t forget that under every screw, only one wire is needed. Otherwise, this can mess up the entire setup.
Bent or Twisted Wire Ends are Weak
Using bent or twisted wire ends won’t do any good in the connector since these are weaker wire types. You need to cut off old loose wire ends and strip the insulation to reveal straight and clean wire. This is prior reconnecting the wires to a switch or outlet. Also, it will only take a few seconds, so why not do it? Besides, it will guarantee a better connection afterward.
High-quality Outlet is the Best
Sometimes it is tempting to buy cheap ones when they all look the same and do the same job compared to expensive ones. However, the problem with cheap outlets is that they tend to loose and wear out easily if used too often. Superior quality outlets are a lot stronger and make better connection with plugs. Not to mention, they also work seamlessly.
Braiding Long Wires is Ideal
Braiding wires is vital in every PCB project. It keeps your project clean and organized, prevents loose wires, secures and strengthens the connection.
The Wider Wire Diameter the Better
The wider wire diameter is, the higher the electric constant of the isolation layer.
Parallel Resistance is Strong
PCB wiring is equal to the capacitor in the series. Parallel resistance is tremendously high, thus any high power consumption of the device must be put together in order to decrease voltage supply transient overshoot.
Different Wiring Methods
This type of method is widely used in high-speed circuit board layout. Unlike the typical single-ended signal, differential wiring has clear advantages, such as elimination of EMI, the precise timing of position, and anti-interference ability.
Right Angled Wiring
This type is often avoided in the wire to wire process. This will make the changes in the transmission width and capacity.
This is the most used wire to wire method. Serpentine wiring helps to adjust the delay and meet the requirements of system design. However, the downside is, it will damage the transmission of signal quality and delay the process.
Now that you know some facts about wire to wire connections of a PCB, you will have more idea what to do next in terms of wiring. These are also helpful information you can share with someone who is interested in PCB and its wire to wire connection process. What needs to be followed and what’s not.
PCB, in general, is truly complicated, but once you know the basics, the rest will be easy. Wire to wire is one of the PCB components that is crucial to create. In order not to have problems in the future, these pieces of information will surely help you get by.